Prothymosin αin VivoContains Phosphorylated Glutamic Acid Residues

Mark W. Trumbore, Rui-Hong Wang, Steven A. Enkemann, Shelby L. Berger
1997 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
S. L. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 4587-4596). 2) Immediately upon cell lysis, the pH stability curves of metabolically labeled native [ 32 P]prothymosin ␣ or a [ 32 P]histidine-tagged variant resembled the pH stability curve of acetyl phosphate. 3) After a brief incubation at pH 7, these curves changed from a pattern diagnostic for an acyl phosphate to that characteristic of a serine or threonine phosphate, an observation consistent with transfer of phosphate in vitro. Our data indicate that most
more » ... prothymosin ␣'s phosphates are subject instantaneously to hydrolysis, based on the observation that greater than 90% of the phosphate initially found at pH 7 disappeared at the extremes of pH. Rapid loss of phosphate was not affected by the presence of phosphatase inhibitors including 50 mM sodium fluoride, 1 mM okadaic acid, and 0.5 mM calyculin A. The amount of phosphate missing could not be ascertained, but the trifling amount recovered on Ser or Thr depended heavily on conditions favoring the transient survival of labile phosphate. Further analysis using COS cells lysed in the presence of sodium borohydride showed that: 1) phosphate recovered on prothymosin ␣ decreased 8-fold when lysates were treated with borohydride; 2) the reagent caused 4 -8 glutamic acid residues/molecule to vanish; 3) using [ 3 H]NaBH 4 , label was introduced into proline, a product derived from reductive cleavage of phosphoglutamate; and 4) [ 3 H]proline was localized almost exclusively to a peptide with pronounced homology to the histone binding site of nucleoplasmin, a chromatin remodeling protein found in Xenopus laevis. Our data demonstrate that prothymosin ␣ is energy-rich by virtue of stoichiometric amounts of glutamyl phosphate.
doi:10.1074/jbc.272.42.26394 pmid:9334214 fatcat:fxeifzjl65eovjcspu7wujnbpu