Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption Patterns and the Association with Body Mass Index and Nutrient Intake in American Adults
Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
To examine the relationship between ready-to-eat (RTE) cereal consumption habits, body mass index (BMI) and nutrient intakes of a nationally representative sample of American adults. Methods: Population-based survey of American adults. Participants provided 14-day self-reported food diary records during the data collection period of March 2006 through February 2008. Height and weight of the respondents was also reported. Main outcome measures included frequency of RTE cereal consumption, Body
... consumption, Body Mass Index (BMI), and nutrient intakes. The sample population of 4,414 adults, ages 19-64 years, was divided into three groups by frequency of RTE cereal consumption over the 14-day period: 0 servings, 1-6 servings, and ≥ 7 servings. Results: Almost three-fourths (71%) of American adults consumed RTE cereal at least once in the two-week collection period. Frequent cereal eaters (≥ 7 servings), both male and female, had lower mean BMI measures overall than infrequent or non-cereal eaters (P < 0.0001). Additionally, the proportion of adults classified as overweight or obese (BMI > 25) was significantly lower in the frequent cereal consumption group. Frequent cereal eaters also had macronutrient intake profiles that more closely approximated national recommendations, and were more likely to meet micronutrient intake recommendations. Conclusion: RTE cereal consumption is related to lower BMI and improved nutrient intakes in American adults.