Original scientific paper (Ahirwar and Gautam pp. 221-235) Citation: Ahirwar A and Gautam RK

A Ahirwar, R Gautam
2015 Human Biology Review   unpublished
Tribals are most disadvantageous group. They are identified on the basis of their isolation, wide spread poverty, illiteracy, pre-agricultural state of technology and stagnant population. The general standard of living and nutritional status of a population can be measured by child growth. Therefore a cross sectional growth study was done among Bharia-a particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVGT) of Patalkot region, district Chhindwara (MP), India. A total of 247 boys of 2-18 years of age were
more » ... years of age were recruited from their home, Aganwadi, schools and Ashrams (hostels) of the region. A total of 11 anthropometric measurements were taken following the standard procedure. The measurements were taken with all possible caution maintaining uniformity and accuracy in the techniques, after undergoing extensive training. It was found that the mean values for height, weight, sitting height, upper arm circumference, chest circumference and hip circumference increased with age. In height, the increment was 0.6 to 15.8 cm per annum, whereas in weight, the increment was 1.0 to 8.5 kg. Similar trend was found for other measurements. The cephalic region grows with slow rate as compared to other parts of the body. For better understanding of growth patterns among Bharia boys, the findings are compared with contemporary studies and reference data, it was found that the mean value of height and weight of Bharia boys were slightly higher during early childhood than the rural male and Kamar tribe of Chhattisgarh, but at the same time they are lagging behind from international reference (NCHS). Furthermore, cessation or delayed growth was found among the children aged 16 years and onward. During early childhood the difference in the mean of height and weight of Bharia and NCHS data is less, but, it is widen as they grown. Although the Bharia boys are showing almost similar growth pattern as other contemporary populations, still they need attention, because they are not attaining proper height and weight especially at their maturity.