Comparison of Quality Measures From US Hospitals With Physician vs Nonphysician Chief Executive Officers

Helen See, Lacey Shreve, Sarah Hartzell, Sarah Daniel, Anthony D Slonim
Patient experience and patient safety are 2 major domains of health care quality; however empirical data on the association of physician vs nonphysician chief executive officers (CEOs) with public and private quality measures are rare but critical to evaluate as hospitals increasingly seek out physician CEOs. To evaluate whether there is an association of CEO background with hospital quality and to investigate differences in hospital characteristics between hospitals with a physician CEO vs
more » ... e with a nonphysician CEO. This cross-sectional study used 2019 data from 3 sources (ie, the American Hospital Association [AHA] Annual Survey, the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems [HCAHPS], and the Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grades) to identify statistical differences in hospital characteristics and outcomes. Data were analyzed from April to December 2021 . Multivariable ordinal logistic regression was used to examine the association of physician CEOs with hospital quality assessment outcomes while controlling for other confounding factors. Characteristics from the AHA Annual Survey database were assessed as potential confounders, including hospital control, bed size, region, teaching status, and patient volume. The AHA database contained 6162 hospitals; 1759 (29%) had HCAHPS ratings, 1824 (30%) had Leapfrog grades, and 383 (6%) had physician CEOs. A positive Spearman correlation coefficient was found between physician CEOs and HCAHPS patient willingness to recommend the hospital (ρ = 0.0756; P = .002), but the association between CEO medical background and Leapfrog safety grades or HCAHPS ratings did not reach a level of significance in the multivariable ordinal logistic regression models. In this study, a positive correlation was found between physician CEOs and HCAHPS patient willingness to recommend the hospital, but the multivariable analysis did not find an association between hospital physician CEOs and the examined quality and safety outcomes.
doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.36621 pmid:36227592 fatcat:wi2n7syjqbcubp2quvbjgrwz4a