Exploiting Heterogeneous Time Scale of Dynamics to Enhance 2D HETCOR Solid-State NMR Sensitivity
Multidimensional solid-state NMR spectroscopy plays a significant role in offering atomic-level insights into molecular systems. In particular, heteronuclear chemical shift correlation (HETCOR) experiments could provide local chemical and structural information in terms of spatial heteronuclear proximity and through-bond connectivity. In solid state, the transfer of magnetization between heteronuclei, a key step in HETCOR experiments, is usually achieved using cross-polarization (CP) or INEPT
... ion (CP) or INEPT (insensitive nuclei enhanced by polarization transfer) depending on the sample characteristics and magic-angle-spinning (MAS) frequency. But, for a multiphase system constituting molecular components that differ in their time scales of mobilities, CP efficiency is pretty low for mobile components because of the averaging of heteronuclear dipolar couplings whereas INEPT is inefficient due to the short T2 of immobile components and can be non-selective due to strong proton spin diffusion for immobile components especially under moderate spinning speeds. Herein, in this study we present two 2D pulse sequences that enable the sequential acquisition of 13C/1H HETCOR NMR spectra for the rigid and mobile components by taking full advantage of the abundant proton magnetization in a single experiment with barely increasing the overall experimental time. In particular, the 13C-detected HETCOR experiment could be applied under slow MAS conditions, where a multiple-pulse sequence is typically employed to enhance 1H spectral resolution in the indirect dimension. In contrast, the 1H-detected HETCOR experiment should be applied under ultrafast MAS, where CP and transient heteronuclear nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) polarization transfer are combined to enhance 13C signal intensities for mobile components. These pulse sequences are experimentally demonstrated on two model systems to obtain 2D 13C/1H chemical shift correlation spectra of rigid and mobile components independently and separately. These pulse sequences can be used for dynamics difference based spectral editing and resonance assignments. Therefore, we believe the proposed 2D HETCOR NMR pulse sequences will be beneficial for the structural studies of heterogeneous systems containing molecular components that differ in their time scale of motions for understanding the interplay of structures and properties.