Applying machine learning EEG signal classification to emotion‑related brain anticipatory activity

Marco Bilucaglia, Gian Marco Duma, Giovanni Mento, Luca Semenzato, Patrizio Tressoldi
2020 F1000Research  
Machine learning approaches have been fruitfully applied to several neurophysiological signal classification problems. Considering the relevance of emotion in human cognition and behaviour, an important application of machine learning has been found in the field of emotion identification based on neurophysiological activity. Nonetheless, there is high variability in results in the literature depending on the neuronal activity measurement, the signal features and the classifier type. The present
more » ... work aims to provide new methodological insight into machine learning applied to emotion identification based on electrophysiological brain activity. For this reason, we analysed previously recorded EEG activity measured while emotional stimuli, high and low arousal (auditory and visual) were provided to a group of healthy participants. Our target signal to classify was the pre-stimulus onset brain activity. Classification performance of three different classifiers (linear discriminant analysis, support vector machine and k-nearest neighbour) was compared using both spectral and temporal features. Furthermore, we also contrasted the classifiers' performance with static and dynamic (time evolving) features. The results show a clear increase in classification accuracy with temporal dynamic features. In particular, the support vector machine classifiers with temporal features showed the best accuracy (63.8 %) in classifying high vs low arousal auditory stimuli.
doi:10.12688/f1000research.22202.1 fatcat:q67wi37wwfdqdm35fiy2mnttie