Impact of Case Mix Severity on Quality Improvement in a Patient-centered Medical Home (PCMH) in the Maryland Multi-Payor Program
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
We present data on quality of care (QC) improvement in 35 of 45 National Quality Forum metrics reported annually by 52 primary care practices recognized as patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) that participated in the Maryland Multi-Payor Program from 2011 to 2013. Methods: We assigned QC metrics to (1) chronic, (2) preventive, and (3) mental health care domains. The study used a panel data design with no control group. Using longitudinal fixed-effects regressions, we modeled QC and case mix
... everity in a PCMH. Results: Overall, 35 of 45 quality metrics reported by 52 PCMHs demonstrated improvement over 3 years, and case mix severity did not affect the achievement of quality improvement. From 2011 to 2012, QC increased by 0.14 (P < .01) for chronic, 0.15 (P < .01) for preventive, and 0.34 (P < .01) for mental health care domains; from 2012 to 2013 these domains increased by 0.03 (P ؍ .06), 0.04 (P ؍ .05), and 0.07 (P ؍ .12), respectively. In univariate analyses, lower National Commission on Quality Assurance PCMH level was associated with higher QC for the mental health care domain, whereas case mix severity did not correlate with QC. In multivariate analyses, higher QC correlated with larger practices, greater proportion of older patients, and readmission visits. Rural practices had higher proportions of Medicaid patients, lower QC, and higher QC improvement in interaction analyses with time. Conclusions: The gains in QC in the chronic disease domain, the preventive care domain, and, most significantly, the mental health care domain were observed over time regardless of patient case mix severity. QC improvement was generally not modified by practice characteristics, except for rurality. (J Am Board Fam Med 2016;29:116 -125.) Keywords: Medical Home, Patient-centered Care, Practice-based Research, Quality of Health Care Patient-centered medical homes are an important building block for health care reform and a mechanism for achieving quality improvement. 1,2 Pa-tient-centered interactions with optimal utilization of health information technology and primary care teams have potential for enhancing chronic disease management and the delivery of preventive care. 3-5 Patient-centered care management has been demonstrated to enhance the quality of care (QC) delivered and chronic disease management. 6,7 Patient-centered medical home (PCMH) capacity This article was externally peer reviewed.