Oxygen Kinetic Isotope Effects in Soluble Methane Monooxygenase

Shannon S. Stahl, Wilson A. Francisco, Maarten Merkx, Judith P. Klinman, Stephen J. Lippard
2000 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) contains a nonheme, carboxylate-bridged diiron site that activates dioxygen in the catalytic oxidation of hydrocarbon substrates. Oxygen kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) have been determined under steady-state conditions for the sMMO-catalyzed oxidation of CH 3 CN, a liquid substrate analog. Kinetic studies of the steady-state sMMO reaction revealed a competition between fully coupled oxygenase activity, which produced glycolonitrile (HOCH 2 CN) and uncoupled
more » ... CN) and uncoupled oxidase activity that led to water formation. The oxygen KIE was measured independently for both the oxygenase and oxidase reactions, and values of 1.0152 ؎ 0.0007 and 1.0167 ؎ 0.0010 were obtained, respectively. The isotope effects and separate dioxygen binding studies do not support irreversible formation of an enzyme-dioxygen Michaelis complex. Additional mechanistic implications are discussed in the context of previous data obtained from single turnover and steady-state kinetic studies.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m008301200 pmid:11073959 fatcat:gqjbxrba25bxteo6tw5jtgqcue