Attenuation of the effect of progesterone and 4'-chlordiazepam on stress-induced immune responses by bicuculline

P K Mediratta, J Bhatia, S Tewary, V Katyal, P Mahajan, K K Sharma
2003 Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology  
The present study investigates the effect of progesterone, a pregnane precursor of neurosteroids, and 4'-chlordiazepam (4'-CD), a specific ligand for mitochondrial diazepam binding inhibitor receptor (MDR) involved in neurosteroidogenesis, on restraint stress (RS)-induced modulation of humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. RS produced a significant reduction in anti-sheep red blood cells (SRBC) antibody titre, a measure of humoral immune response, and % leucocyte migration inhibition
more » ... ion inhibition (LMI) and foot-pad thickness test, measures of cell-mediated immune responses. These effects of RS on immune responses were effectively blocked by pretreating the animals with progesterone (10 mg/kg, sc) or 4'-CD (0.5 mg/kg, sc) administered just before subjecting the animal to RS. The effect of both progesterone and 4'-CD on RS-induced immune modulation was significantly attenuated by bicuculline (2 mg/kg, ip) but not by flumazenil (10 mg/kg, ip). Unlike its effect on RS-induced immune responsiveness, progesterone (5, 10 mg/kg, sc) when administered to non-stressed animals produced a significant suppression of both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses which was not reversed by bicuculline. However, 4'-CD failed to modulate immune response in naive non-stressed animals. These results suggest that progesterone and 4'-CD affect stress-induced immune responses by modulating GABA-ergic mechanism. However, GABA-A receptor system does not appear to be involved in progesterone-induced immunosuppression in nonstressed animals.
pmid:14723314 fatcat:phflwb2o7nd6biyqczprfexai4