Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among type 2 diabetes mellitus in tertiary care centre
Journal of Case Reports and Scientific Images
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most insidious disease across the globe. Diabetic retinopathy is recognised as a leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in working-age adults in developed and developing countries. Objective: To assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among type 2 diabetes mellitus and severity of diabetic retinopathy attending ophthalmology out patient department in sree mookambika institute of medical sciences, Kulesekharam, Kanyakumari. Material and Method:
... ial and Method: Cross sectional study among 85 Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients of age more than 40 years, duration more than 5 years. Statistical methods of analysis: Study parameters will be entered in Microsoft Office Excel 2013, Descriptive statistics-Mean and Standard Deviation; Qualitative test-Chi square test using SPSS TRAIL VERSION-20.0. Result: In my study prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 55.30 % (47 patients) of which 14.89 % mild NPDR (7 patients); moderate NPDR 34.05% (16 patients); Severe NPDR 25.53% (12 patients); PDR 25.53 % (12 patients). Conclusion: This study estimated the prevalence of DR in Kulesekharam, Kanyakumari, Hospital based type 2 diabetic population attending ophthalmology out patient department sree mookambiga institute of medical sciences. Our study also created awareness among the patients who participated about diabetic retinopathy.