Prophylactic transcatheter arterial embolization for high-risk ulcers following endoscopic hemostasis: A meta-analysis [post]

Qian Yu, Chenyu Liu, Mikin Patel, Osman Ahmed
2020 unpublished
Background: To conduct a meta-analysis to assess the safety and efficacy of prophylactic transcatheter arterial embolization (PTAE) for the treatment of high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers after achieving endoscopic hemostasis.Methods: PubMed and Cochrane Library were queried for full-text articles published up to December 2019. The following keywords were used: "prophylactic embolization", "supplement embolization", "gastrointestinal bleeding", and "ulcer bleeding". High-risk ulcers were defined
more » ... lcers were defined based on endoscopic findings (i.e. large ulcers, Forrest class I-IIb) and/or clinical presentation (i.e. hypotension, decreased hemoglobin during endoscopy). Only comparative studies investigating PTAE versus conservative treatment after achieving endoscopic hemostasis were included. Baseline study characteristics, re-bleeding rate, need for surgery, mortality, and PTAE-related complication rates were investigated. Quantitative analyses were performed with STATA 15.1.Results: Among the five original studies included, a total of 265 patients received PTAE and 617 were managed conservatively after endoscopy. The rebleeding rate (6.8% vs 14.3%, p=0.003) and mortality (4.5% vs 8.8%, p=0.032) of patients from the PTAE group were lower than the control group. PTAE also reduced the cumulative need of future surgical intervention (3.0% vs 14.4%, p=0.005). The PTAE-related major and minor events were 0.75% and 14.4%, respectively. Conclusion: PTAE had therapeutic potentials in reducing rebleeding risk, need of surgical intervention, and morality in high-risk peptic ulcers after achieving endoscopic hemostasis. The embolization-associated adverse events were minimal. Future studies should aim to increase the sample size and resources for performing endovascular interventions.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:id5zftrcezbwncoanqnyauxwse