Evaluation of Periodontal Status in Patients With Chronic Renal Disease
Jundishapur Journal of Medical Sciences
and Objectives Most renal patients have various oral manifestations such as halitosis, xerostomia and pale mucosa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal status and chronic renal disease. Subjects and Methods In this case-control study, the case group was divided into three subgroups, which included renal patients before dialysis, patients undergoing hemodialysis, and patients after renal transplantation, each of which included 23 patients. The control
... up also included 38 healthy individuals in terms of renal function. After obtaining the consent form and completing the questionnaire, the amount of plaque index, gingival index, papillary bleeding index, probing depth, loss of clinical attachment, gingival recession and gingival enlargement were measured T-student,chi-square. and Anova was used to analyze the data. Results The plaque index, gingival index, papillary bleeding index, probing depth, loss of clinical attachment in groups with chronic renal disease were higher than the control groups (P< 0.001) but there was no significant difference in gingival recession and gingival enlargement between control group and case groups (P> 0.05 ) . These parameters were not significantly different between the groups with chronic renal disease (P> 0.05). Conclusion Periodontal disease is more common in patients with chronic renal disease, therefore, special periodontal treatment considerations and regular dental examinations should be added to the treatment plan of these patients.