Orientation and Context Entangled Network for Retinal Vessel Segmentation [article]

Xinxu Wei, Kaifu Yang, Danilo Bzdok, Yongjie Li
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Most of the existing deep learning based methods for vessel segmentation neglect two important aspects of retinal vessels, one is the orientation information of vessels, and the other is the contextual information of the whole fundus region. In this paper, we propose a robust Orientation and Context Entangled Network (denoted as OCE-Net), which has the capability of extracting complex orientation and context information of the blood vessels. To achieve complex orientation aware, a Dynamic
more » ... x Orientation Aware Convolution (DCOA Conv) is proposed to extract complex vessels with multiple orientations for improving the vessel continuity. To simultaneously capture the global context information and emphasize the important local information, a Global and Local Fusion Module (GLFM) is developed to simultaneously model the long-range dependency of vessels and focus sufficient attention on local thin vessels. A novel Orientation and Context Entangled Non-local (OCE-NL) module is proposed to entangle the orientation and context information together. In addition, an Unbalanced Attention Refining Module (UARM) is proposed to deal with the unbalanced pixel numbers of background, thick and thin vessels. Extensive experiments were performed on several commonly used datasets (DRIVE, STARE and CHASEDB1) and some more challenging datasets (AV-WIDE, UoA-DR, RFMiD and UK Biobank). The ablation study shows that the proposed method achieves promising performance on maintaining the continuity of thin vessels and the comparative experiments demonstrate that our OCE-Net can achieve state-of-the-art performance on retinal vessel segmentation.
arXiv:2207.11396v1 fatcat:vtejftmxhvfxlh2umbl7exl5fy