The Abl pathway bifurcates to balance Enabled and Rac signaling in axon patterning inDrosophila

Ramakrishnan Kannan, Jeong-Kuen Song, Tatiana Karpova, Akanni Clarke, Madhuri Shivalkar, Benjamin Wang, Lyudmila Kotlyanskaya, Irina Kuzina, Qun Gu, Edward Giniger
2017 Journal of Cell Science  
The Abl tyrosine kinase signaling network controls cell migration, epithelial organization, axon patterning and other aspects of development. Although individual components are known, the relationships among them remain unresolved. We now use FRET measurements of pathway activity, analysis of protein localization and genetic epistasis to dissect the structure of this network in Drosophila. We find that the adaptor protein Disabled stimulates Abl kinase activity. Abl suppresses the
more » ... s the actin-regulatory factor Enabled, and we find that Abl also acts through the GEF Trio to stimulate the signaling activity of Rac GTPase: Abl gates the activity of the spectrin repeats of Trio, allowing them to relieve intramolecular repression of Trio GEF activity by the Trio N-terminal domain. Finally, we show that a key target of Abl signaling in axons is the WAVE complex that promotes the formation of branched actin networks. Thus, we show that Abl constitutes a bifurcating network, suppressing Ena activity in parallel with stimulation of WAVE. We suggest that the balancing of linear and branched actin networks by Abl is likely to be central to its regulation of axon patterning.
doi:10.1242/jcs.202077 fatcat:2i3ex35runabzbyvpaq7aqf3n4