Effect of Organic, Bio Fertilization and Foliar Spraying Treatments on Artichoke
Journal of Plant Production
Two field experiments were carried out at a private Farm in El-Madany Village, Abo El-Matamir Region, El-Behira Governorate, Egypt, during seasons of 2014/2015 and 2015/2016 in order to determine the influence of organic, biological fertilization and foliar spraying treatments in addition their interactions on growth, yield and yield attributes and chemical composition of artichoke Balady cultivar. The experiment was carried out in a strip-split plot design with four replications. The
... ions. The vertical-plots were allocated to organic fertilization treatments i.e. farmyard manure "FYM" (30 m 3 per fed) and chicken manure (20 m 3 per fed). The horizontal-plots were included biological fertilization treatments i.e. without biological fertilization (control treatment), treated soil with Mycorrhiza at the rate of 1 L/20 L water and Phosphorin (as a source of phosphorus) at the rate of 450 g/fed. The sub-plots were faithful to treatments of foliar spraying i.e. without (control treatment), yeast extract (100 ml/liter water), algae (1.0 g/liter water) and humic acid "HA" (1.5 ml/liter water). The obtained results could be summarized as follows:Artichoke plants which fertilized with chicken manure (20 m 3 per fed) recorded the highest values of all studied characters, with exception nitrate content in receptacles in both seasons. Biological fertilizing soil with Mycorrhiza at the rate of 1 L/20 L water gave highest values of every studied traits, except nitrate content in artichoke receptacles in both seasons. Foliar spraying artichoke plants with HA (1.5 ml/liter water) exceeded other spraying treatments and gave maximum values of all studied traits, except nitrate content in receptacles in both seasons.It can be concluded that when added to soil organic fertilizer as chicken manure (20 m 3 per fed) and treated soil with Mycorrhiza at the rate of 1 L/20 L water in addition to foliar spraying three times after 60, 75 and 90 days from planting date with HA (1.5 ml/liter water) in order to obtain high productivity and chemical composition of artichoke Balady cultivar under the environmental conditions of Abo El-Matamir Region, El-Behira Governorate, Egypt.