The Role of Argumentation in Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning During Problem-Based Learning in Medical Education: A Conceptual Framework

Hyunjung Ju, Ikseon Choi
2017 Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-based Learning  
One of the important goals of problem-based learning (PBL) in medical education is to enhance medical students' clinical reasoning-hypothetico-deductive reasoning (HDR) in particular-through small group discussions. However, few studies have focused on explicit strategies for promoting students' HDR during group discussions in PBL. This paper proposes a novel conceptual framework that integrates Toulmin's argumentation model (1958) into Barrows's HDR process (1994). This framework explains the
more » ... tructure of argumentation (a claim, data, and a warrant) contextualized in each phase of HDR during PBL. This paper suggests four instructional strategies-understanding argument structures, questioning, elaborating on structural knowledge, and assessing argumentation-for promoting medical students' argumentation in relation to HDR processes. Further implications of the proposed framework for other disciplines, such as science, legal, and engineering education, are also discussed.
doi:10.7771/1541-5015.1638 fatcat:aahz4tzvhbdhxgdti5gekpx7ei