Clinical Application of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in ART-Treated AIDS Males with Short Disease Duration

Keke Hou, Hang Fu, Wei Xiong, Yueqin Gao, Liqiu Xie, Jianglin He, Xianbiao Feng, Tao Zeng, Lin Cai, Lei Xiong, Nan Jiang, Min Jiang (+4 others)
2022 Diagnostics  
Cardiac complications are common in antiretroviral therapy-treated (ART-treated) acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients, and the incidence increases with age. Myocardial injury in ART-treated AIDS patients with a relatively longer disease duration has been evaluated. However, there is no relevant study on whether patients with a short AIDS duration have cardiac dysfunction. Thirty-seven ART-treated males with AIDS and eighteen healthy controls (HCs) were prospectively included for
more » ... MR scanning. Clinical data and laboratory examination results were collected. The ART-treated males with AIDS did not have significantly reduced biventricular ejection fraction, myocardial edema, or late gadolinium enhancement. Compared with the HCs, the biventricular volume parameters and left ventricle myocardial strain indices in ART-treated males with AIDS were not significantly reduced (all p > 0.05). ART-treated males with AIDS were divided into subgroups according to their CD4+ T-cell counts (<350 cells/μL and ≥350 cells/μL) and duration of disease (1–12 months, 13–24 months, and 25–36 months). There was no significant decrease in left or right ventricular volume parameters or myocardial strain indices among the subgroups (all p > 0.05). In Pearson correlation analysis, CD4+ T-cell counts were not significantly correlated with biventricular volume parameters or left ventricular myocardial strain indices. In conclusion, ART-treated males with AIDS receiving ART therapy with a short disease duration (less than 3 years) might not develop obvious cardiac dysfunction as evaluated by routine CMR, so it is reasonable to appropriately extend the interval between cardiovascular follow-ups to more than 3 years.
doi:10.3390/diagnostics12102417 pmid:36292106 pmcid:PMC9601106 fatcat:nhkx7s5y7rgkdnq72iqlap7ziu