499 LIVERPOOL.—WALES. the grease from kitchen sullage, some authorities recommend the construction of small intercepting grease pits made with sticks, straw, grass, or heather, which can be removed daily and butnt. Special attention should be directed to the means and methods of storing food preparatory to cooking and also to the proper cleansing of the cooking utensils. , -Refitse disposal. No rubbish of any kind should be allowed to lie about in the camp or its vicinity. To collect small
... collect small rubbish, pieces of orange peel, bits of paper, &c., a good plan is to have empty sacks, or barrels, or boxes with moveable lids placed at the end of each row of tents. These can be cleared out periodically and the contents b2crnt well away from camp or over the latrine or urine trenches before the surface sods are replaced, thus being utilised for sterilising purposes. Litter or refuse in general should not be buried if it is possible to destroy it by fire. In stationary camps, destructors or incinerators if fuel is available will prove a boon, but failing these a ready and effective method is to throw up a bank of earth in the shape of a horseshoe 2 or 3 feet high, and to burn the litter inside ; this method has been employed in Indian frontier expeditions with success. All litter and refuse must be disposed of daily to obviate the attraction and breeding of flies. The daily disposal of excreta and also of refuse constitutes one of the golden rules of camp sanitation. (To be continued.) LIVERPOOL. (FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.) she William , U.S.A., I on August 4th delivered the fifth William Mitchell Banks memorial lecture in the surgical theatre of the Medical School of the University. There was a numerous gathering of members of the medical profession and students. Mr. K. W. Monsarrat, the dean of the Medical Faculty, presided, and introduced the lecturer in appropriate terms. Professor Harvey Cushing chose as the subject of his address "Recent Observations on the Pathology and Surgical Treatment of Intracranial Tumours." He referred in particular to the results of palliative and radical operations performed during the previous ten months on 64 cases. He detailed first the symptomatology of the affection, and drew particular attention to the alterations in the fields of vision and of colour vision as among the earliest observable phenomena. In dealing with the morbid anatomy, he went into detail regarding the experimental work which had been done to demonstrate the functions of the pituitary body, and showed how over-action was associated with the phenomena termed acromegaly, and under-action with a characteristic form of obesity and sexual infantilism. He described a case of removal of the pituitary body from an acromegalic. In the third place he demonstrated by numerous lantern illustrations the methods of operative technique which were employed in his clinic. At the close of the lecture he said that he felt more deeply than he could express in words the full obligation which that occasion had imposed upon him-an obligation not only in view of the compliment of having been asked to deliver the William Mitchell Banks memorial lecture, but also in view of his feeling of responsibility to reward his hearers in a measure for their generous attendance. He was glad to lecture under the auspices of the University of Liverpool in honour of one who, as anatomist and surgeon, was a devoted Asculapian in Liverpool, and whose life and works were well known in the daughter country over the sea. Nem Hospital at Hnylake. On July 15th the Lord Mayor of Liverpool undertook a journey to Hoylake and West Kirby for the purpose of fulfilling two interesting official engagements. At Hoylake his lordship, who was accompanied by the Lady Mayoress, was present during the laying of the foundation-stone of the new Hoylake and West Kirby Cottage Hospital by Sir Thomas Royden, Bart., the erection of which has become necessary owing to the inadequacy of the existing hospital at Hoylake for the needs of the district. The committee, at a cost of .61000, has secured what it considered to be the best available site-a plot of ground comprising about five-sixths of an acre situated at the corner of Birkenhead-road. The hospital will be above the road level and will have accommodation for 16 beds. The building will be placed angle-wise on the site so as to give the front a full southern aspect. From the porch in the centre of the building a roomy waiting-hall will be entered, from which short corridors will give access to the male and female wings. In both these wings will be two wards, one containing six beds and one two beds, both of which are to have exits to an open verandah. Sanitary blocks, which will be fitted with appliances of the most upto-date type, are to be introduced close to the wards, but effectually isolated by short " cut-off " corridors. Favoured fortunately by sunny weather, the ceremony of laying the foundation-stone attracted a numerous attendance. The Lord Mayor explained that the new hospital was intended to serve as a memorial of the late Queen Victoria, and remarked that there could be no more fitting reminder of onewho had been so closely associated with the nursing movement.