Ultrafast photoinduced relaxation dynamics of the indoline dye D149 in organic solvents

Peter W. Lohse, Julia Kuhnt, Sergey I. Druzhinin, Mirko Scholz, Maria Ekimova, Torsten Oekermann, Thomas Lenzer, Kawon Oum
2011 Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP  
The relaxation dynamics of the indoline dye D149, a well-known sensitizer for photoelectrochemical solar cells, have been extensively characterized in various organic solvents by combining results from ultrafast pump-supercontinuum probe (PSCP) spectroscopy, transient UV-pump VIS-probe spectroscopy, time-correlated single-photon counting (TCSPC) measurements as well as steady-state absorption and fluorescence. In the steady-state spectra, the position of the absorption maximum shows only a weak
more » ... m shows only a weak solvent dependence, whereas the fluorescence Stokes shift Dñ F correlates with solvent polarity. Photoexcitation at around 480 nm provides access to the S 1 state of D149 which exhibits solvation dynamics on characteristic timescales, as monitored by a red-shift of the stimulated emission and spectral development of the excited-state absorption in the transient PSCP spectra. In all cases, the spectral dynamics can be modeled by a global kinetic analysis using a time-dependent S 1 spectrum. The lifetime t 1 of the S 1 state roughly correlates with polarity [acetonitrile (280 ps) o acetone (540 ps) o THF (720 ps) o chloroform (800 ps)], yet in alcohols it is much shorter [methanol (99 ps) o ethanol (178 ps) o acetonitrile (280 ps)], suggesting an appreciable influence of hydrogen bonding on the dynamics. A minor component with a characteristic time constant in the range 19-30 ps, readily observed in the PSCP spectra of D149 in acetonitrile and THF, is likely due to removal of vibrational excess energy from the S 1 state by collisions with solvent molecules. Additional weak fluorescence in the range 390-500 nm is observed upon excitation in the S 0 -S 2 band, which contains short-lived S 2 -S 0 emission of D149. Transient absorption signals after excitation at 377.5 nm yield an additional time constant in the subpicosecond range, representing the lifetime of the S 2 state. S 2 excitation also produces photoproducts. w Electronic supporting information (ESI) available: Results of photostability experiments using sub-400 nm excitation in the S 0 -S 2 band of D149 in ethanol solution by cw lamp illumination. See
doi:10.1039/c1cp22429h pmid:21989546 fatcat:ojgzrkvttbclzkdwid4yl5jbdm