Factors associated with vaginal birth after previous cesarean section in Brazilian women

José Guilherme Cecatti, Helaine Maria Besteti Pires, Aníbal Faúndes, Maria José Duarte Osis
2005 Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública  
Objective. To identify factors associated with a vaginal second delivery in women who had one previous cesarean section. Methods. A nested case-control study was carried out as a secondary data analysis of an original retrospective, population-based cohort study of women who delivered their first child during 1985 in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, and who were interviewed 10 years later in 1995. The study population consisted of 1 352 women who had their first delivery by cesarean
more » ... ion and who had also had at least one subsequent delivery. The group of cases (150 women, around 11% of the sample) consisted of women who had a vaginal second delivery, and the control group was made up of 1 202 women who had a cesarean section at second delivery. For each possible associated factor we calculated the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval. For ordered categorical variables the c 2 test for trend was used. Unconditional multivariate regression analysis was used to estimate the adjusted odds ratio for each associated factor. Results. The factors significantly associated with vaginal delivery were monthly family income below 5-fold the Brazilian minimum monthly wage, reliance on the Brazilian national health system for healthcare, low maternal age, and first cesarean section indicated because of fetal breech or transverse presentation, or twin pregnancy. Among those women who also had a cesarean section at their second delivery, only 11% had undergone a trial of labor. Conclusions. The main determining factors for a vaginal second delivery in women with a previous cesarean section were unfavorable social and economic factors. Cesarean section; vaginal birth after cesarean; risk factors; trial of labor. ABSTRACT Cesarean section (C-section) is the most frequent surgical intervention worldwide. Although commonplace today, this intervention was severely restricted in the past (1). However, as soon as the mortality and morbidity associated with C-sections decreased, indications for this surgical procedure increased. With the onset and evolution of anesthetic techniques during the previous century, and the development of antibiotic therapy in the 1960s, maternal mortality after Csection reached a stable level of 0.2% in California and 0.13% in Great Britain. In 1985, maternal mortality after C-section was estimated to be below 1 per 1000 (2). This increase in safety encouraged obstetricians to find more and more reasons for carrying out this operation. However, there are still complications associated with this procedure. Maternal morbidity associated with C-section is five to ten times greater than that associated with vaginal delivery (2, 3). Maternal deaths consid-Key words Investigación original / Original research Cecatti JG, Pires HMB, Faúndes A, Duarte Osis MJ. Factors associated with vaginal birth after previous cesarean section in Brazilian women. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2005;18(2):107-13.
doi:10.1590/s1020-49892005000700005 pmid:16156961 fatcat:j7hxq7xxkzclrez2eurlqj554q