Endosonography for suspected obstructive jaundice with no definite pathology on ultrasonography

Chien-Hua Chen, Chi-Chieh Yang, Yung-Hsiang Yeh, Tsang Yang, Tieh-Chi Chung
2015 Journal of the Formosan Medical Association  
Background/Purpose: Ultrasonography (US) cannot demonstrate all the etiologies of biliary tract dilatation in patients with jaundice. Thus, we evaluated the etiologic yield of endosonography (EUS) for suspected obstructive jaundice when no definite pathology was found on US. Additionally, we sought to identify the predictors of the most common etiologies. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 123 consecutive patients who had undergone EUS for suspected obstructive jaundice when no
more » ... nite pathology was identified on US. Results: The most common diagnoses included no pathological obstruction (n Z 43), pancreatobiliary malignancy (n Z 41), and choledocholithiasis (n Z 28). Pancreatobiliary malignancy was associated with common bile duct (CBD) dilatation, and fever and elevated alanine aminotransferase were predictors of choledocholithiasis (p < 0.05). The accuracy of EUS was 95.9% (118/123) for overall cause of suspected obstructive jaundice, 100% (40/40) for no pathological finding, 100% (23/23) for ampullary cancer, 100% (13/13) for pancreatic cancer, 75% (3/4) for CBD cancer, and 92.9% (26/28) for choledocholithiasis, respectively. Besides the two patients with focal chronic pancreatitis misdiagnosed as with pancreatic cancer, EUS missed the lesions in one CBD cancer patient and two patients with choledocholithiasis. The overall accuracy of EUS in ascertaining pancreatobiliary malignancy and choledocholithiasis was comparable (97.6%, 40/41 vs. 92.9%, 26/28; p > 0.05). Conclusion: Marked CBD dilatation (!12 mm) should remind us of the high risk of malignancy, and the presence of CBD dilatation and fever is suggestive of choledocholithiasis. Negative
doi:10.1016/j.jfma.2013.09.005 pmid:24090635 fatcat:ulns5zecazandjypqczmv7o5pe