Investigating optical path and differential pathlength factor in reflectance photoplethysmography for the assessment of perfusion

Subhasri Chatterjee, Tomas Ysehak Abay, Justin Paul Phillips, Panayiotis A. Kyriacou
2018 Journal of Biomedical Optics  
This is the published version of the paper. This version of the publication may differ from the final published version. Permanent repository link: Link to published version: http://dx.Abstract. Photoplethysmography (PPG) is an optical noninvasive technique with the potential for assessing tissue perfusion. The relative time-change in the concentration of oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin in the blood can be derived from DC part of the PPG signal. However,
more » ... absolute concentration cannot be determined due to the inadequate data on PPG optical paths. The optical path and differential pathlength factor (DPF) for PPG at red (660 nm) and infrared (880 nm) wavelengths were investigated using a heterogeneous Monte Carlo model of the human forearm. Using the simulated DPFs, the absolute time-change in concentrations were determined from PPG signals recorded from the same tissue site. Results were compared with three conditions of approximated DPFs. Results showed the variation of the optical-path and DPF with different wavelengths and source-detector separations. Approximations resulted in significant errors, for example, using NIRS DPF in PPG led to "cross talk" of −0.4297 and 0.060 and an error of 15.16% to 25.18%. Results confirmed the feasibility of using the PPG (DC) for the assessment of tissue perfusion. The study also identified the inappropriateness of the assumption that DPF is independent of wavelength or source-detector separations and set the platform for further studies on investigating optical pathlengths and DPF in PPG.
doi:10.1117/1.jbo.23.7.075005 pmid:29998648 fatcat:vya5h4vq2bcevnuz7lkgxkdcqu