Love and Belonging: Strategies to help Mentally ill Patients

Shirin Rahim
2013 i-manager's Journal on Nursing  
Glasser in saying that The need for love and belonging includes the range of intimacy between/among people and encompasses caring, compassion, empathy, attention, and affection range of closeness between people, getting attention and affection of parents and other family members and, a sense of having a place in the world, feeling accepted and approved versus rejection and disapproval.(p.56) The concept of love and belonging and its satisfaction is very well explained in choice theory given by
more » ... illiam Glasser (1998) . This paper is an attempt to analyze love and belonging in light of the choice theory, integrating choice theory with one of the patient's scenario and suggest evidence based implementation strategies to help such patients. Love and belonging and choice theory Love and belonging being one of the human needs has its roots in satisfactory and successfull inter personal relationship and these two forms a vicious circle. If a child is INTRODUCTION Love and belonging is a concept, used by Abraham Maslow (a humanistic psychologist) in his motivation theory. Maslow has talked about hierarchy of human needs starting with physiological needs of food and shelter and finishes at the need of self actualization. Love and belonging is one of the human needs in Maslow's hierarchy and required to be fulfilled in order to achieve self actualization. According to Sarma & Hoek (2004) "Maslow claimed that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs, and that certain lower needs, need to be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied." Sarma and Hoek (2004) further say that" The need for love require giving and receiving affection. When they are unsatisfied, loneliness, ostracism, rejection, friendlessness, and rootless ness are preeminent." Lisbeth (2003) explained the need of love and belonging and says that "Because of the social nature of humans and the long developmental period from birth to adulthood, the need for love and belonging is closely linked to the need for survival." Lisbeth (2003) quotes ABSTRACT Love and belonging is a concept, used by Abraham Maslow (a humanistic psychologist) in his motivation theory. Love and belonging is one of the human needs in Maslow's hierarchy and required to be fulfilled in order to achieve self actualization. According to Lisbeth (2003) "Because of the social nature of humans and the long developmental period from birth to adulthood, the need for love and belonging is closely linked to the need for survival" (p.128). If a child is left with unmet need of love and belonging, he may feel difficulties in forming lasting relations in future also and may get deprived of love and belongingness for all of his life. This deprivation can lead to unhealthy personality development and affect person's mental health adversely. This concept is very well explained in choice theory given by William Glasser (1998). The choice theory states that "we are driven by our genes to satisfy five basic needs: survival, love and belonging, power, freedom and fun. In practice, the most important need is love and belonging, as it is a requisite for satisfying all of the needs." Glasser (1998) further says that "Choice theory, replaces Seven Caring Habits, with the Seven Deadly Habits." This paper will attempt to integrate the choice theory, with one of the patient's scenario and suggest evidence based implementation strategies to help such patients.
doi:10.26634/jnur.2.4.2105 fatcat:rjqex5aaqzhazfijparqnhsin4