New miRNA expression abnormalities in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma

Magdalena Cybula, Ƚukasz Wieteska, Magdalena Józefowicz-Korczyńska, Michaƚ Seweryn Karbownik, Weronika Lucas Grzelczyk, Janusz Szemraj
2016 Cancer Biomarkers  
BACKGROUND: Although the development of novel diagnostic and treatment strategies concerning laryngeal cancer is highly intensive, the survival rate remains virtually unchanged. Small non-coding RNAs appear to be very promising biomarkers -and so remain the focus of extensive investigation in laryngeal cancer. OBJECTIVE: We examined the expression of five miRNA and five genes related to cancer whether they could be potential laryngeal cancer biomarkers. METHODS: We performed an analysis in 47
more » ... an analysis in 47 patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer. The qPCR technique was used to investigate the expression profile. RESULTS: While miR-21-3p and miR-525-5p were found to be significantly up-regulated, miR-139-3p and miR-885-5p expression is lower in laryngeal cancer. Moreover, PIK3R1 and HACE1 were found to be also down-regulated. CONCLUSIONS: The change in miRNA expression is frequent than the expression of other tested genes. The expression of passenger strands such as miR-21-3p and miR-139-3p, which are rarely investigated, is also significantly affected in laryngeal cancer. While PIK3R1, HACE1, miR-139-3p, and miR-885-5p may act as tumor suppressor genes in the studied tumour type, miR-21-3p and miR-525-5p seem to have oncogenic properties. Our findings suggest that miR-885-5p and PIK3R1 are the best indicators for the classification of laryngeal cancer tissue and normal mucosa.
doi:10.3233/cbm-160598 pmid:27002759 fatcat:ltnbz2zwjngc7ktqyjonnc7a2u