К вопросу о взаимоотношениях Китая и киданей

Геннадий Геннадьевич Пиков
2019
The Chinese dynasties Tang and Song and the Khitan Empire of Liao (907 — 1125) had a decisive influence on the development of the East Asian region in the Middle Ages. The paper analyses their relations as inter-civilizational and thus attempts to abandon the thesis of the aggressive gangster strategy of the nomadic world against the settled agricultural peoples. The author raises the question of the need for more detailed and non-tendentious research of the constituent problems of this topic:
more » ... ems of this topic: the interaction of settled and nomadic civilizations, independent civilizational zones within a single meta-region of East Asia, the Mongolian and Han Zones connected with Siberian regions and the Turkic world. There are several models of relations between these states associated with different stages of the development of the Khitan people. Diplomacy peculiarity was also defined by the differences in the political culture of these East Asian peoples. It was concluded that the successful development of the nomadic Empire led to the strengthening of cooperation with China which was an undoubted leader and centre of the East Asian civilization. Accordingly, the Chinese culture as a mediator adjusted the development of a new civilizational variant. The existence and evolution of the "Khitan — Chinese" and the "Liao — Song" dichotomies was of particular importance because the first centuries of the second millennium were the time of final formalization of feudalism. Both states did not set an objective of complete elimination of the neighbour but tried to derive maximum benefits from communication with each other.
doi:10.24411/1026-8804-2019-10056 fatcat:qtifl54lxredjngmhswjke5mhi