Urogenital schistosomiasis in females from some suburban communities of Jos, north central Nigeria
IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences
Schistosomiasis of the urethral tract leads to the destruction of the mucosal cells of the reproductive organs by the piercing action of the oval spines. Urogenital schistosomiasis has remained a major contributor to the disease burden in Plateau State, Nigeria. The urine syringe filtration technique and urine strip test were diagnostic methods used to determine the prevalence, intensities and symptoms of Schistosoma haematobium infections in the study population. Out of the 1245 persons
... 1245 persons screened parasitologically, 1007 were apparently healthy with a prevalence of 265 (26.3%: 95% C.I. 23.5 -29.1%) with an overall mean egg excretion of 87eggs/10ml and females aged 11-20years had the highest prevalence (21.7%; 95% C.I 19 -24%) compared to the children 0 -10years who were the least infected (0.2%; 95% C.I. 0.1 -0.5%). Statistically, a significant difference was observed among the different age groups (Cal χ2 0.05 = 40.94 > Tab χ2 0.05 df 5 = 11.07; P < 0.05 ;). The remaining 238 persons were symptomatic with a prevalence of 51 (21.4%: 95% C.I. 16.1 -26.7) and an overall mean egg excretion of 78eggs/10mls with females aged 21-30 years (29.6%) having the highest infection. Although, statistically, symptomatic urogenital schistosomiasis was not dependent on age (Cal χ2 0.05 = 8.32 < Tab χ2 0.05 df 5 = 11.07; P > 0.05). In relation to associated symptoms, 4.9% persons had haematuria, 27.9% had proteinuria while a larger population of 64.6% had neither haematuria nor proteinuria in their urine. For water contact patterns, economic activities (65.7%) including, irrigation agriculture and domestic chores (23.6%) accounted for most water contacts especially during the main dry season.