Clinical course, treatment and visual outcome of an outbreak of Burkholderia contaminans endophthalmitis following cataract surgery

Caroline Lind, Karina Olsen, Nina K. Angelsen, Einar A. Krefting, Kristian Fossen, Kirsten Gravningen, Eliza Depoorter, Peter Vandamme, Geir Bertelsen
2021 Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection  
Background Postoperative endophthalmitis is a rare but dreaded complication of intraocular surgery and often results in severe visual impairment or blindness. The present study describes the clinical course, treatment and visual outcome of an outbreak of Burkholderia contaminans endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. Methods Among 290 patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification cataract surgery at one outpatient clinic between January 4th and 28th 2019, 6 cases developed
more » ... developed Burkholderia contaminans endophthalmitis. Clinical data were collected by retrospective review of patient records. Microbiological samples from vitreous aspirates, intraocular lenses (IOL) and lens capsules were cultured, and recA and draft whole genome sequences analysed. Results The recA sequences of all Burkholderia contaminans isolates and the allelic profile of the isolates were identical. All cases had a similar clinical presentation with rapid development of endophthalmitis symptoms with variable time to onset. The mean time to admission was 34 days (12–112 days). All cases had a seemingly favourable response to intravitreal antibiotics. However, acute recurrences occurred after long time periods (12–71 days). The cases experienced between 0 and 3 recurrences. Due to persistent infection, the cases received between 5 and 15 treatments (mean 7.8) including IOL and lens capsule explantation in 5 of 6 cases. Burkholderia contaminans was detected in all explanted lens capsules. The final corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA, Snellen chart) was between 0.8 and 1.2 and all cases had final CDVA ≥0.8. Conclusions A persistent and intensive treatment approach including total lens capsule and IOL explantation is recommended for Burkholderia contaminans endophthalmitis following cataract surgery and may lead to a favourable visual result.
doi:10.1186/s12348-021-00242-6 pmid:33870459 fatcat:ihcofama75ghjbz7vdvbw7rwy4