Analysis of Cellular Components, Biochemical Reactions, and Habitat of Human Cutaneous Lipophilic Diphtheroids

Kenneth J. McGinley, John N. Labows, James M. Zechman, Katrina M. Nordstrom, Guy F. Webster, James J. Leyden
1985 Journal of Investigative Dermatology  
The cutaneous distribution of lipophilic diphtheroids was determined in normal human volunteers. The organisms were found to be plentiful in moist regions (scalp, nares, axilla, groin, and toe web) and scarce in dry and purely oily regions. The lipid requirement, cellular fatty acids, mycolic acid and cell wall diaminopimelic acid content of these lipophilic diphtheroids was compared to those of strains of Corynebacterium bovis, C. xerosis, C. diphtheriae, and C. minutissimum. Only lipophilic
more » ... . Only lipophilic diphtheroids and C. bovis strains were found to have a strict lipid requirement. Lipophilic diphtheroids were found to have meso-diaminopimelic acid and corynemycolic acid in their cell walls, consistent with membership in the genus Corynebacterium. Lipophilic diphtheroids were also found to comprise a homogeneous group which was distinct from the speciated strains on the basis of cellular fatty acids and mycolic acids.
doi:10.1111/1523-1747.ep12277005 pmid:3930617 fatcat:5fc7prh4hvcxzoi7ewqmhzhsvu