Designing Voronoi Constellations to Minimize Bit Error Rate

Shen Li, Ali Mirani, Magnus Karlsson, Erik Agrell
2021 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT)  
In a classical 1983 paper, Conway and Sloane presented fast encoding and decoding algorithms for a special case of Voronoi constellations (VCs), for which the shaping lattice is a scaled copy of the coding lattice. Feng generalized their encoding and decoding methods to arbitrary VCs. Less general algorithms were also proposed by Kurkoski and Ferdinand, respectively, for VCs with some constraints on their coding and shaping lattices. In this work, we design VCs with a cubic coding lattice based
more » ... on Kurkoski's encoding and decoding algorithms. The designed VCs achieve up to 1.03 dB shaping gains with a lower complexity than Conway and Sloane's scaled VCs. To minimize the bit error rate (BER), pseudo-Gray labeling of constellation points is applied. In uncoded systems, the designed VCs reduce the required SNR by up to 1.1 dB at the same BER, compared with the same VCs using Feng's and Ferdinand's algorithms. In coded systems, the designed VCs are able to achieve lower BER than the scaled VCs at the same SNR. In addition, a Gray penalty estimation method for such VCs of very large size is introduced.
doi:10.1109/isit45174.2021.9517815 fatcat:z3hpffmwjvcf7gvbmtv3awjnqe