Parenting styles and their relation with obesity in children ages 2 to 8 years

María Martha Montiel Carbajal, Luis Fernando López Ramírez
2017 Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios/Mexican Journal of Eating Disorders  
The authority style of parents is an important factor to investigate in children with obesity. Therefore the first objective of this study was to describe parenting style (PS) features of mothers with children diagnosed with obesity vs. mothers with normal weight children. The second objective was to compare PS intergroup by educational level, occupation and marital status. A total of 58 mothers with their children aged among two to eight years were divided into two groups according to their
more » ... cording to their children's bodyweight condition: obesity vs. normal weight. Participants completed the Parental Styles Dimensions Questionnaire, this instrument was adapted and validated for Mexican population. Non-statistical differences between groups were found in PS; however mothers of children with normal weight who live with their partner and are housewives use more often the authoritative style. Comparisons between educational level were non statistical different in the frequency of any on the PS assessed. It is discussed, on the one hand, the role of culture as determinant of PS, and on the other hand, the analytical capacity of the categories of all PS evaluated. Estilos parentales y su relación con la obesidad en niños de 2 a 8 años de edad Resumen El estilo de autoridad de los padres es un factor relevante a investigar cuando existe obesidad infantil. Por tanto, un primer objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características de los estilos parentales (EP) que utilizan madres de niños con obesidad vs. madres de niños con normopeso; y el segundo fue comparar los EP intragrupo, según escolaridad, ocupación y condición de pareja de la madre. Participaron 58 madres, con hijos de entre dos y ocho años * Autor para correspondencia. Correo electrónico: marthamontiel@sociales.uson.mx (M.M. Montiel Carbajal). La revisión por pares es responsabilidad de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. http://dx.
doi:10.1016/j.rmta.2017.01.006 fatcat:sx4pqryxurhh5dornfwpcbdiba