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1898 Scientific American  
It is evident that hard times have contributed to a notable diminution in the use of all kinds of beverages, but particularly spirits. Possibly tbe bicycle has con tributed to decrease the patronage of saloons, but, what ever the cause, the follow ing official figures show that the consumption of alcoholic stimulants has not increas ed, while the use of the milder beverages has barely been steady. gallons, since which date it has fallen off about one gal Ion per capita, averaging for the three
more » ... ging for the three years ending with 1896 fifteen gallons per capita annually. Hard times and bicycles explain this decrease in the use of malt liquors. On the basis of 50 cents per gallon for domestic beer and $1 for imported beer, as the cost to the consumer, we have a total expense for that item in 1896 of $541,-963,348. It is very evident that Americans are not given to a free use of wines. The consumption of do mestic wines in 1896 was less than one-half the quan tity used in 1888, leaving out of question an increase in population of 12,583,000 people. Less imported wines are used than formerly. In 1883 the importations were more than double those in 1896, and over 1,500,000 gal lons less than in 1893. The figures ought to encourage the friends of temperance, although they may be dis couraging to the wine industry of the United States. Assuming that domestic wines cost the consumer $2 per gallon, the nation's bill in 1896 for that item was $29,-199,514. The importations of that year were valued at the custom house (plus duties) at $10,265,465. Allowing
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican01221898-60 fatcat:aose3zzxg5dj3k3lfujlfnwls4