Experimental Evidence for an Attractive p-$\phi$ Interaction

Shreyasi Acharya, Dagmar Adamova, Alexander Adler, Jonatan Adolfsson, Gianluca Aglieri Rinella, Michelangelo Agnello, Neelima Agrawal, Zubayer Ahammed, Shakeel Ahmad, Sang Un Ahn, Ishaan Ahuja, Zaenal Akbar (+1027 others)
2021 Physical review letters 127(17)  
This Letter presents the first experimental evidence of the attractive strong interaction between a proton and a ϕ meson. The result is obtained from two-particle correlations of combined $p$-ϕ⊕ $\bar{p}$-ϕ pairs measured in high-multiplicity pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV by the ALICE Collaboration. The spin-averaged scattering length and effective range of the p-ϕ interaction are extracted from the fully corrected correlation function employing the Lednický-Lyuboshits approach. In
more » ... ular, the imaginary part of the scattering length vanishes within uncertainties, indicating that inelastic processes do not play a prominent role for the p-ϕ interaction. These data demonstrate that the interaction is dominated by elastic p-ϕ scattering. Furthermore, an analysis employing phenomenological Gaussian- and Yukawa-type potentials is conducted. Under the assumption of the latter, the N-ϕ coupling constant is found to be $g_{N-ϕ}$ = 0.14 ± 0.03(stat) ± 0.02(syst). This work provides valuable experimental input to accomplish a self-consistent description of the N-ϕ interaction, which is particularly relevant for the more fundamental studies on partial restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear medium.
doi:10.15120/gsi-2022-00095 fatcat:4d3yvh2h3va5zdlphbkzy77ocy