F-actin bundles direct the initiation and orientation of lamellipodia through adhesion-based signaling

Heath E. Johnson, Samantha J. King, Sreeja B. Asokan, Jeremy D. Rotty, James E. Bear, Jason M. Haugh
2015 Journal of Cell Biology  
Mesenchymal cells such as fibroblasts are weakly polarized and reorient directionality by a lamellipodial branching mechanism that is stabilized by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling. However, the mechanisms by which new lamellipodia are initiated and directed are unknown. Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to monitor cytoskeletal and signaling dynamics in migrating cells, we show that peripheral F-actin bundles/filopodia containing fascin-1 serve as templates for
more » ... rmation and orientation of lamellipodia. Accordingly, modulation of fascin-1 expression tunes cell shape, quantified as the number of morphological extensions. Ratiometric imaging reveals that F-actin bundles/filopodia play both structural and signaling roles, as they prime the activation of PI3K signaling mediated by integrins and focal adhesion kinase. Depletion of fascin-1 ablated fibroblast haptotaxis on fibronectin but not platelet-derived growth factor chemotaxis. Based on these findings, we conceptualize haptotactic sensing as an exploration, with F-actin bundles directing and lamellipodia propagating the process and with signaling mediated by adhesions playing the role of integrator.
doi:10.1083/jcb.201406102 pmid:25666809 pmcid:PMC4332254 fatcat:v6s6bbhwevd7hjnxj3sfuu3ege