Field testing of a rugged MEMS gas chromatograph prototype: Selective analysis of trace-level TCE vapors in contaminated homes

S. K. Kim, H. Chang, J. G. Bryant, D. R. Burris, E. T. Zellers
2011 2011 16th International Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Conference  
Two fully integrated and automatically controlled MEMS gas chromatographs (µGC) were successfully deployed in the field to monitor trichloroethylene (TCE) at trace-level concentrations (0.6-80 ppb) in homes suffering from vapor intrusion (VI) from surrounding TCE-contaminated soil. Each instrument combines a high-volume sampling module (non-microfabricated) with a microanalytical module consisting of a microfocuser, dual microcolumns, and a chemiresistor array detector. A complete sampling and
more » ... plete sampling and analytical cycle requires 15-30 min, depending on required sensitivity. Limits of detection as low as 0.02 ppb were achieved. TCE was separated from 45 co-contaminants. Use of the prototypes in fixed-site (temporal TCE fluctuations) and portable operating modes (spatial mapping of TCE) was successfully demonstrated. Good agreement with concentrations determined with standard reference methods was achieved.
doi:10.1109/transducers.2011.5969260 fatcat:uco55zy6nrhqvelffyt3xvisoq