Alzheimer Disease Detection Techniques and Methods: A Review

Sitara Afzal, Muazzam Maqsood, Umair Khan, Irfan Mehmood, Hina Nawaz, Farhan Aadil, Oh-Young Song, Yunyoung Nam
2021 International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence  
Brain pathological changes linked with Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be measured with Neuroimaging. In the past few years, these measures are rapidly integrated into the signatures of Alzheimer disease (AD) with the help of classification frameworks which are offering tools for diagnosis and prognosis. Here is the review study of Alzheimer's disease based on Neuroimaging and cognitive impairment classification. This work is a systematic review for the published work in the field of AD especially
more » ... the computer-aided diagnosis. The imaging modalities include 1) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 2) Functional MRI (fMRI) 3) Diffusion tensor imaging 4) Positron emission tomography (PET) and 5) amyloid-PET. The study revealed that the classification criterion based on the features shows promising results to diagnose the disease and helps in clinical progression. The most widely used machine learning classifiers for AD diagnosis include Support Vector Machine, Bayesian Classifiers, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and K-Nearest Neighbor along with Deep learning. The study revealed that the deep learning techniques and support vector machine give higher accuracies in the identification of Alzheimer's disease. The possible challenges along with future directions are also discussed in the paper.
doi:10.9781/ijimai.2021.04.005 fatcat:yklogr5wefei7e247dmjdrosum