On the relation of white matter brain abnormalities and the asociality symptoms in schizophrenia outpatients – a DTI study

Przemysław Adamczyk, Olga Płonka, Dawid Kruk, Martin Jáni, Piotr Błądziński, Aneta Kalisz, Stynke Castelein, Andrzej Cechnicki, Miroslaw Wyczesany
2021 Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis  
Recent MRI studies have shown that abnormal functional connections in schizophrenia coexist with subtle changes in the structure of axons in the brain. However, there is a discrepancy in the literature concerning the relationship between white matter abnormalities and the occurrence of negative psychopathological symptoms. In the present study, we investigate the relationship between the altered white matter structure and specific psychopathology symptoms, i.e., subscales of Positive and
more » ... Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Brief Negative Symptoms Scale (BNSS) in a sample of schizophrenia outpatients. For investigation on white matter abnormalities in schizophrenia, the diffusion tensor imaging analysis of between-group differences in main diffusion parameters by tract-based spatial statistics was conducted on schizophrenia outpatients and healthy controls. Hence, the correlation of PANSS and BNSS psychopathology subscales in the clinical group with fractional anisotropy was analyzed in the 17 selected cortical regions of interest. Presented between-group results revealed widespread loss of white matter integrity located across the brain in schizophrenia outpatients. Results on the white matter relationship with psychopathology revealed the negative correlation between fractional anisotropy in the left orbital prefrontal cortex, right Heschl's gyrus, bilateral precuneus and posterior cingulate cortex and the severity of asociality, as assessed with the BNSS. In conclusion, the presented study confirms the previous evidence on the widespread white matter abnormalities in schizophrenia outpatients and indicates the existence of the subtle but specific association between fractional anisotropy in the fronto-temporo-parietal regions with the asociality.
doi:10.21307/ane-2021-009 pmid:33949167 fatcat:lyhdzhiis5gstirehg7y2vxrvy