Review 130 REVIEW

Jessica Martin, Alec Ryrie
Prayer in early modern England and Scotland was an integral part of domestic piety. The first of a two-volume collection, Private and Domestic Devotion in Early Modern Britain explores more private devotional contexts by asking, "how people...prayed when they weren't in church" (p. 1). This interdisciplinary collection of essays finds a place in the historiography that all too often focuses on religious expression in the public sphere. This historiographical tendency is the result of "more
more » ... sible" sources for public devotion (p. 3). By broadening perspectives to include how early modern people adapted and integrated prayer into their daily lives, the authors of this volume investigate more private forms of religious expression in early modern Britain. A companion to Ian Green's survey of English domestic piety, Jane E. A. Dawson's overview of Protestant devotion from the Reformation to the Covenanting Revolution is the standout essay for the Scottish historian. Dawson does an excellent job of illustrating how the lines between public and domestic piety were often blurred by the structure of the Reformed Kirk. For example, her discussion regarding communion and its intensifying effect on private devotion accentuates how the public religious space influenced privately conducted prayer. Moreover, domestic prayers sometimes occurred within the physical building of the church, which attests to the nuanced ways early modern Scots understood their private devotional exercises. The kirk sessions simultaneously contributed to these trends by enforcing "an essential minimum of domestic devotion" (p. 43). Because the underlying goal of the Kirk was to make the home "a domestic seminary" (p. 43) the Kirk maintained a prominent position in the lives of Scottish parishioners. Dawson touches on the social and the political implications of reformed theology in the aftermath of the Scottish Reformation and provides a strong survey of the consequences