Des hallucinations suggerees a l'etat de veille [review-book]

1889 American Journal of Psychology  
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more » ... ntent at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. PSYCHOLOGICAL LITERATURE. PSYCHOLOGICAL LITERATURE. PSYCHOLOGICAL LITERATURE. notic and the waking egos, some patients falling into a sort of hypnosis again, others performing the act unconsciously, and still others doing it consciously and offering a lame excuse for it. Still further, a few cases have been described, notably one by M. Pierre Janet, in which the hypnotic personality regularly assumes a constant personality but one differing from the normal and entering into the most complicated relations with it. Indeed a third personality emerges by the hypnotization of the abnormal personality. The proposition which Dr. Dessoir reaches and in which M. Janet and Mr. Myers concur is that the hypnotic state consists in " an artificially induced predominance of the secondary ego." To prove this a large number of the experiments, some very ingenious and others very inconclusive, are undertaken to appeal indirectly to the ordinary consciousness, which in the hypnotic state is the subordinate one, and gain the evidence of the two personalities existing side by side but with the usual relations reversed. The point of view thus taken is certainly an interesting one, but is it not expressing, with an undue emphasis upon that unknown factor of personality, the current doctrine that in hypnotism we have an automatic state, a loss of voluntary control and an exaggerated suggestibility in all directions? The "double-ego" is a convenient phrase for bringing into connection various groups of facts, but in its extreme form it loses its utility, and as a theory of hypnotism it is neither so novel nor so important as its upholders believe. J. J.
doi:10.2307/1411905 fatcat:dm43oim5ljcubnl3idtiblidt4