AB0652 FERRITIN IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SEVERITY OF LUNG INVOLVEMENT BUT NOT WITH WORSE PROGNOSIS IN PATIENTS WITH COVID-19: DATA FROM TWO ITALIAN COVID-19 UNITS

F. Carubbi, A. Alunno, L. Salvati, C. Ferri, D. Grassi
2021 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
Background:The coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is characterised by a heterogeneous clinical presentation and a wide range of imaging findings, depending on disease severity and time course. The pathophysiology is complex, involving immune and hematologic systems, epithelial cells and vascular system and to date reliable biomarkers aimed at stratifying patients and predicting worse outcomes have not been identifiedObjectives:The aim of this study was to describe clinical, serological and CT
more » ... maging features of a cohort of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and identify possible relationships between the variables and disease outcomes (admission to intensive care unit (ICU) and/or death).Methods:We evaluated hospitalized patients with proven SARS-CoV-2 infection, clinical signs of COVID-19 and computed tomography (CT) scan-proven pulmonary involvement. Clinical and serological records of patients admitted to two COVID-19 Units in Italy with proven SARS-CoV-2 pulmonary involvement investigated with CT scan, assessed at the time of admission to the hospital, were retrospectively collected.Results:Sixty-one patients (22 females and 39 males) of median age 65 years were enrolled. Fifty-six patients were discharged while death occurred in 5 patients. None of the lung abnormalities detected by CT was different between discharged and deceased patients. No differences were observed in the features and extent of pulmonary involvement according to age and gender. Logistic regression analysis with age and gender as covariates demonstrated that ferritin levels over the 25th percentile were associated with the involvement of all 5 pulmonary lobes (OR=14.5, 95% CI=2.3-90.9, p=0.004), the presence of septal thickening (OR=8.2, 95% CI=1.6-40.9, p=0.011) and the presence of mediastinal lymph node enlargement (OR=12.0, 95% CI=1.1-127.5, p=0.039) independently of age and gender.Conclusion:We demonstrated that ferritin levels over the 25th percentile are associated with a more severe pulmonary involvement, independently of age and gender, but not with disease outcomes (admission to ICU/death). The identification of reliable biomarkers in patients with COVID-19 may help guiding clinical decision, tailoring therapeutic approaches and ultimately improving the care and prognosis of patients with this disease.Disclosure of Interests:None declared.
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-eular.61 fatcat:zrpnpbvg4ffahkk6fb3epfvcqe