Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in southern Saudi Arabia: A retrospective observational study
Journal of Medical and Scientific Research
Context: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common life-threatening emergency that carries considerable mortality and morbidity; it remains a common cause for admission to hospitals worldwide. UGIB is classified as variceal bleeding and non-variceal bleeding because of distinct etiologies and management. Aims: To describe present clinical manifestations in southern Saudi Arabian UGIB patients, including both endoscopic and basic laboratory parameters, to assess the risk factors, and
... pare the predictive power and clinical usefulness of three risk scoring systems (AIMS65 score, Glasgow-Blatchford score, Rockall risk score) for the management of patients presenting with UGIB. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study. We included 283 patients admitted to the gastrointestinal unit at Abha city, southern Saudi Arabia, from November 2017 to October 2019. The study findings were the etiology of UGI bleeding, the endoscopic findings and clinical outcome of UGI bleeding. Results: Ages ranged from 18 to 97 years old with mean age of 54.5 ± 18.5 years. The majority of patients were males (72%; 203). Melina was the most common presenting symptom, in 66 (49.3%) patients. Diabetes mellitus was the most frequently recorded risk factor for UGIB (53.9%) followed by hypertension (44.9%), and aspirin use (35.7%). Endoscopic hemostatic treatment was applied in 70 patients (24.7%); 4.9% of patients re-bled, and 21 patients (7.4%) died during the study period. Conclusions: Comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes, in addition to some medicines including ASA, steroids and NSAIDs were identified as risk factors of upper GIT bleeding among this study casesa list of risk factors for severe UGIB, leading to hospitalization and even death.