Coexist WiFi for ZigBee Networks with Fine-grained Frequency Approach

Ping Li, Yubo Yan, Panlong Yang, Xiang-Yang Li, Qiongzheng Lin
2019 IEEE Access  
The widely deployed WiFi APs and ZigBee devices make the coexistence for these two networks more pervasive than ever. Previous solutions focus on the contention resolution in time domain, but would lead to the underutilized frequency resources. However, for frequency domain schemes, to enable efficient coexistence for WiFi and ZigBee networks, the WiFi nodes or ZigBee nodes have to select the appropriate channel for transmission. Such scheme will need strict cooperations among these two
more » ... ent systems, and could not work with the conventional legacy systems seamlessly. In this paper, we propose a frequency overlay approach named COFFEE (COexist wiFi For zigbEE networks), where subcarriers interfering with ZigBee transmissions are nullified by WiFi. According to our basic evaluations, due to the relatively robust feature in WiFi/OFDM design, nullifying small portion of subcarriers would affect the WiFi performance slightly, but could improve the capability for coexistence significantly. Thus by using COFFEE, WiFi and ZigBee nodes can transmit their packets concurrently without any coordination. Also, COFFEE and conventional legacy WiFi systems could work together seamlessly. Furthermore, we implement COFFEE with USRP software radio platform and evaluate the performance under real wireless network scenarios. The extensive evaluations show that compared to the coesistence schemes in time domain, COFFEE is able to increase the network throughput by more than 300%. Even when the ZigBee node never knows the transmission time of WiFi packet, it still can provide concurrent lossless transmission by using COFFEE with only 10% to 15% WiFi throughput reduction. INDEX TERMS Coexistence, WiFi, ZigBee, OFDM.
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2941963 fatcat:e2adbbcm3bgndnsdibkvixj32u