E-learning Privacy and Security Requirements: Review

Hye-jin Kim
2013 Journal of Security Engineering  
The security is very crucial in developing an e-learning system. Emerging standards for distance learning and education influence in a major way the development of e-learning systems. e-learning system must be secured against manipulation from the side of the students and also it protects user's privacy. This paper presents a review of e-learning privacy and security requirements. It investigates the more popular e-learning standards to determine their provisions and limitations for privacy and
more » ... ons for privacy and security. The capabilities of a number of existing privacy enhancing technologies, including methods for network privacy, security management, and trust systems, are reviewed and assessed. thoughts, ideas, and comments on a website. Computers, tablets and mobile devices: Computers and tablets allow students and teachers' access to websites and other programs, such as Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, PDF files, and images. Many mobile devices support m-learning. Webcams: Virtual classrooms supported by such technology are becoming more and more popular, especially since they are contributing as a main solution to solving problems with travel expenses. The development of webcams and webcasting has facilitated the creation of virtual classrooms and virtual learning environments. Virtual classrooms with such technology also provide the benefits of being easy to set up. Whiteboards: Interactive whiteboards or smartboards allow teachers and students to write on the touch screen, so learning becomes interactive and engaging. Screencasting: Screencasting is a recent trend in e-learning. There are many screencasting tools available that allow users to share their screens directly from their browser and make the video available online so that the viewers can stream the video directly. The advantage of such tools is that it gives the presenter the ability to show his ideas and flow of thoughts rather than simply explain them, which may be more confusing when delivered via simple text instructions. With the combination of video and audio, the expert can mimic the one-on-one experience of the classroom and deliver clear, complete instructions. From the learner's point of view this provides the ability to pause and rewind and gives the learners the advantage of moving at their own pace, something a classroom cannot always offer. Virtual Learning Environment: Virtual Learning Environments (VLE), also known as learning platforms, utilizes virtual classrooms and meetings which often use a mix of communication technologies. One example of web conferencing software that enables students and instructors to communicate with each other via webcam, microphone, and real-time chatting in a group setting, are GoToTraining, WebEx Training or Adobe Connect, which are sometimes used for meetings and presentations. Participants in a virtual classroom can raise hands, answer polls or take tests. Privacy and Security Requirements This section discusses about the privacy and security requirements for e-learning. We have examined the This paper presents a review of e-learning privacy and security requirements. It investigates the more popular e-learning standards to determine their provisions and limitations for privacy and security. The capabilities of a number of existing privacy enhancing technologies, including methods for network privacy, security management, and trust systems, are reviewed and assessed. In our future works, we will study the appropriate framework considering the assessed security considerations.
doi:10.14257/jse.2013.10.5.07 fatcat:f6pxu4kbzzhd5lelhxr4n5lwfe