How to write a coequation [article]

Fredrik Dahlqvist, Todd Schmid
2021 arXiv   pre-print
There is a large amount of literature on the topic of covarieties, coequations and coequational specifications, dating back to the early seventies. Nevertheless, coequations have not (yet) emerged as an everyday practical specification formalism for computer scientists. In this review paper, we argue that this is partly due to the multitude of syntaxes for writing down coequations, which seems to have led to some confusion about what coequations are and what they are for. By surveying the
more » ... ture, we identify four types of syntaxes: coequations-as-corelations, coequations-as-predicates, coequations-as-equations, and coequations-as-modal-formulas. We present each of these in a tutorial fashion, relate them to each other, and discuss their respective uses.
arXiv:2109.11967v1 fatcat:gjiohhvtfvhrhnbgwzpqiatvoa