DJ-1/park7 protects against neointimal formation via the inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell growth

Kyung Jong Won, Seung Hyo Jung, Chang-Kwon Lee, Hae Rang Na, Kang Pa Lee, Dong-Youb Lee, Eun-Seok Park, Wahn Soo Choi, Sun Bo Shim, Bokyung Kim
2012 Cardiovascular Research  
Aims DJ-1/park7 is a ubiquitously expressed multifunctional protein that plays essential roles in a variety of cells. However, its function in the vascular system has not been determined. We investigated the protective roles of DJ-1/park7 in vascular disorders, especially in neointimal hyperplasia. Methods and results DJ-1/park7 was strongly expressed in the neointimal layer, in which its oxidized form was predominant. Treatment of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from the mouse aorta with
more » ... 2 O 2 increased the oxidation of DJ-1/park7 visualized on two-dimensional electrophoresis gels. The growth of VSMCs in FBS-containing media and the release of H 2 O 2 were significantly increased in DJ-1/park7 -/knockout mice compared with DJ-1/park7 +/+ wild-type mice. The expression of cyclin D1 and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 were greater in VSMCs from the DJ-1/park7 -/aorta than from the DJ-1/park7 +/+ aorta. Both of these measures were inhibited by treatment with an ERK1/2 inhibitor or antioxidants and in DJ-1/park7-overexpressing cells. VSMC proliferation, cyclin D1 expression, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation in response to platelet-derived growth factor-BB were upregulated in DJ-1/park7 -/compared with DJ-1/park7 +/+ mice. VSMCs of DJ-1/park7 -/mice exhibited higher levels of sprout outgrowth of aortic strips and neointimal plaque formation elicited by carotid artery ligation compared with those of DJ-1/park7 +/+ mice. Conclusion These results indicate that DJ-1/park7 is involved in the growth of VSMCs, thereby inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia, and suggest that it might play protective roles in vascular remodelling. ---
doi:10.1093/cvr/cvs363 pmid:23230227 fatcat:4tacilvnw5fglbnhzlydulyj5a