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Objectives: The present study's design investigated the lipid parameters level and atherogenic index in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease risk development in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Methods: The study consists of 108 clinically diagnosed and confirmed spirometry-stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients (Mild, Moderate, and Severe), and the controls were 36 healthy individuals of the same age and sex. Blood samples were collected and the lipiddoi:10.22159/ajpcr.2022.v15i12.46238 fatcat:dbhwkf7a5bag3elwsz7hlnk6pa