Spirulina Cultivation: A Review

G Usharani, P Saranraj, D Kanchana
2012 International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archives   unpublished
Blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria) are among the most primitive life forms on Earth. Their cellular structure is a simple prokaryote. They share features with plants, as they have the ability to perform photosynthesis. They share features with primitive bacteria because they lack a plant cell wall. Interestingly, they also share characteristics of the animal kingdom as they contain on their cellular membrane complex sugars similar to glycogen. Among blue-green algae, both edible and toxic species
more » ... e and toxic species adapted to almost any of the most extreme habitats on earth. Edible blue-green algae, including Nostoc, Spirulina, and Aphanizomenon species have been used for food for thousands of years. Spirulina are multicellular and filamentous blue green algae that has gained considerable popularity in the health food industry and increasingly as a protein and vitamin supplement to aquacultures diets. It grows in water, can be harvested and processed easily and has very high macro and micro nutrient contents.