Actively Secure 1-out-of-N OT Extension with Application to Private Set Intersection [chapter]

Michele Orrù, Emmanuela Orsini, Peter Scholl
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper describes a 1-out-of-N oblivious transfer (OT) extension protocol with active security, which achieves very low overhead on top of the passively secure protocol of Kolesnikov and Kumaresan (Crypto 2011). Our protocol obtains active security using a consistency check which requires only simple computation and has a communication overhead that is independent of the total number of OTs to be produced. We prove its security in both the random oracle model and the standard model, assuming
more » ... a variant of correlation robustness. We describe an implementation, which demonstrates our protocol only costs around 5-30% more than the passively secure protocol. Random 1-out-of-N OT is a key building block in recent, very efficient, passively secure private set intersection (PSI) protocols. Our random OT extension protocol has the interesting feature that it even works when N is exponentially large in the security parameter, provided that the sender only needs to obtain polynomially many outputs. We show that this can be directly applied to improve the performance of PSI, allowing the core private equality test and private set inclusion subprotocols to be carried out using just a single OT each. This leads to a reduction in communication of up to 3 times for the main component of PSI.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-52153-4_22 fatcat:k2o5xndd4fbjtcgv6j77l3ycgq