Capacity Building Of Dalit Women In Lucknow District : A Case Study In BKT Block

Dr. Kaushiki Singh
2017 International Journal of Scientific Research and Management  
Capacity building often refers to assistance that is provided to entities, usually societies in developing countries, which have a need to develop a certain skill or competence, or for general upgrading of performance ability of women. It involves activities which strengthens the abilities, skills and behavior of women and improve them so that they can meet its mission and goals in a sustainable way. It is a creation of an enabling environment with appropriate policy and legal framework,
more » ... l framework, institutional development including community participation (especially women). It is a long term, continuous process of developing Skill and competence. Dalit women in India is heavily dependent on many different variables which enable them to function them independently to equip women to all attribute. This paper is a small exploratory design to analyze and interpret comparative study between Ambedkar and Non Ambedkar Gram of Lucknow District. The sample size will be 500 dalit women of which 250 are for non Ambedkar Gram. A selected of random basis. The analysis is done on the major factor and result supported the hypothesis which is discussed in the full length paper. In 1991 the term had evolved and become capacity building UNDP defines capacity building as the creation of an enabling environment with appropriate and legal frame work , institutional development, including community participation (of women"s in particular). Institutional level-Capacity building on an institutional level should involve aiding pre-existing institutions in developing countries. It should not involve creating new institutions, rather modernizing existing institutions and supporting them in forming sound policies, oganizational structures, and effective methods of management and revenue control. Societal level-Capacity building at the societal level should support the establishment of a more "interactive public administration that learns equally from its actions and from feedback it receives from the population at large." Capacity building must be used to develop public administrators that are responsive and accountable. The World Customs Organization-an intergovernmental organization (IO) that develops standards for governing the movement of people and commodities, [2] defines capacity building as "activities which strengthen the knowledge, abilities, skills and behavior of individuals and improve institutional structures and processes such that the organization can efficiently meet its mission and goals in a sustainable way."It is, however, important to put into consideration the principles that govern community capacity building. Organizational capacity building another form of capacity building that is focused on developing capacity within organizations like NGOs. It refers to the process of enhancing an organization"s abilities to perform specific activities. An Organizational capacity building approach is used by NGOs to develop internally so they can better fulfil their defined mission. [3] Allan Kaplan, a leading NGO scholar argues that to be effective facilitators of capacity building in developing areas, NGOs must participate in organizational capacity building first. Steps to building organizational capacity include:  Developing a conceptual framework  Establishing an organizational attitude  Developing a vision and strategy  Developing an organizational structure  Acquiring skills and resources [4] Implementing a capacity building program should involve the inclusion of multiple systems; national, local, institutional. It should involve continual reassessment and expect change depending on changing situations. It should include evaluative indicators to measure the effective of initiated programs. Evaluation of capacity building promotes accountability. Measurements should be based on changes in an institutions performance. Evaluations should be based on changes in performance based around the four main issues: institutional arrangements, leadership, knowledge, and accountability. An organization's understanding of the world, "This is a coherent frame of reference, a set of concepts which allows the organization to make sense of the world around it, to locate itself within that world, and to make decisions in relation to it." A clear method of operating wherein communication flow is not hindered, each actor understands their role and responsibility. [4] Though he asserts that intangible qualities are of utmost importance-Kaplan says that tangible qualities such as skills, training and material resources are also imperative. Another aspect of organizational capacity building is an organization's capacity to reassess, reexamine and change according to what is most needed and what will be the most effective. Capacity Building is much more than training and includes the following: Human resource development, the process of equipping individuals with the understanding, skills and access to information, knowledge and training that enables them to perform effectively. UNDP and the International Institute for Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering organized the symposium 'A Strategy for Water Sector Capacity Building' in Delft, The Netherlands. Delegates from developing countries, ESAs and supporting institutes defined 'capacity building' as:  the creation of an enabling environment with appropriate policy and legal frameworks;  institutional development, including community participation (of women in particular);  human resources development and strengthening of managerial systems. Capacity Building is much more than training and includes the following  Human resource development, the process of equipping individuals with the understanding, skills and access to information, knowledge and training that enables them to perform effectively.  Organizational development, the elaboration of management structures, processes and procedures, not only within organizations but also the management of relationships between the different organizations and sectors (public, private and community).  Institutional and legal framework development, making legal and regulatory changes to enable organizations, institutions and agencies
doi:10.18535/ijsrm/v5i7.31 fatcat:cqxw73h4lncqphs5wu5vtye6iu