《論語》中以「身」體德的詮釋與觀察
Sensory Observation of "Experiencing Ethics through the Body"

陳靜容 陳靜容
2020 中正漢學研究  
<p>儒家對於道德之意會,常常溢出於言語所能表述的範圍;道德言說,也不一定能夠準確拋擲可辨識的行動意義。在這樣的侷限中,儒學作為一門實踐哲學、生命哲學,若由文獻中抽絲剝繭,則勢必可掘發出儒家道德意義具體展示的重要媒介或管道。</p> <p>本文旨在掘發《論語》中的「身體」並非僅是與「心靈」相對的「肉體」,而是活生生的、感覺靈敏的、動態的人類身體,它存在於物質空間、社會空間中,還存在於它自身感知、行動和反思的努力空間中。此「身」通過「隱蔽與感知」、「轉化」、「隱喻代言」與「展演」等四種方式,強化道德實踐之必然性;且「身」可作為「禮」的展演場域,兼容禮「意」與禮「儀」的鋪陳展示,建構「以『身』體德」的儒家道德感知模式。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p><p>As the third part of &quot;A Study on the Medium of Morality in the Analects of Confucius Series&quot;, this study aims to show that although the body functions are
more » ... directly emphasized and the body is not viewed as the base of self-awakening in the Analects of Confucius, the transformation of the body's senses, actions or experiences is employed to highlight the necessity of practicing morality. Moreover, the &quot;body&quot; is regarded as the display field of &quot;propriety&quot;, involving the development and exhibition of the &quot;meaning&quot; and &quot;practices&quot; of propriety, while constructing the sensory mode of morality on &quot;experiencing morality through the body&quot;.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>
doi:10.53106/2306036020200600350002 fatcat:qm4ruzh7mraypc5fi4n2so3cjq