Prevalence of prematurity in neonatal unit of internment a hospital school in Recife city, Brazil
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line
Vasconcelos MGL de, Lima AP de, Barbosa P et al. Prevalence of prematurity in neonatal unit... Rev enferm UFPE on line. 2010 out./dez.;4(4):1681-688 ABSTRACT Objective: to verify the prevalence of premature births between the months of January 2007 to December 2007, in a neonatal ICU at a University Hospital in the city of Recife-PE. Methodology: this is about a descriptive study, exploratory and transversal, from quantitative approach. The sample was taken from 1738 charts of newborns admitted
... f newborns admitted at the neonatal ICU in 2007; of those 364 were premature newborns. The data collection started after authorization by the Ethic and Research Committee of the Health Sciences Center. The data was analyzed by the EPI-INFO 3.3.2 software. It was used descriptive statistics with simple frequency distribution. Results: The prevalence of prematurity during the studied period was 21%. Mother's age ranged mainly from 20 to 35 years old (64.3%) and 38.7% of them had 4 to 7 years of study. Of the total of the pregnant women 42.9% went to 4-5 prenatal appointments and most of the neonates were moderate premature with gestational age at birth between 31 and 34 weeks. Conclusion: Premature births represented a high percentage of the total births in the study. We recommend educational activities compatible with the level of instruction and age of the pregnant women to prevent premature births. Descriptors: prenatal care, prenatal care, risk factors, pregnancy high risk, premature birth.